Monday, March 28, 2016

Follow up to my Babel 6 rant

I wrote a blog post yesterday ranting about Babel 6. It was posted to Hacker News and viewed 10,000 times within one day.

It's the next day and my head is cooler so I want to say a few more things.

The first thing to acknowledge is my great appreciation for the hard work that open source developers do. They choose to contribute their time and considerable professional expertise writing software for free.  That's no small deal, so I say thank-you to the Babel 6 developers.

Babel 6 is amazing.  Being able to compile ES2015 and have it run on any browser is a true game changer.  ES5 is a real pain and I am eternally grateful to those people who enable me to write ES2015 instead of ES5.

The reason people bother to complain about something is that they care about that thing.  If they did not care then they would simply be indifferent. So the origin of my rant is that I am clearly deeply involved in the usage of Babel 6.

The thing I value more than anything is my own time.  I have nowhere near enough time.  It is my most scarce resource. So when software causes me to lose time in very large chunks, I get extremely frustrated.  Writing a rant like that is the outcome of months of losing vast chunks of time to Babel 6 configuration.  It's not a spur of the moment hotheaded outburst.

And although I delivered the message to the Babel 6 folks in an overly pointed manner, sometimes there is value in people receiving not only a message but also the level of emotional intensity.  The rant level of intensity is far more likely to draw the attention of the message recipient than a quietly spoken, factually driven list of issues posted to github.

An effective rant, whilst certainly emotional, should not be a personal attack on people.  Hopefully this one was not.

And for the recipient of a rant, it's an opportunity to hear from your software users who are deeply engaged .  As a software developer it can be very hard to grasp how a user experiences your system, so when you get a rant hopefully it is not just an attack but contains valuable insights that can help the developer to understand the user experience .

So thanks to the Babel 6 folks for an excellent product.  I'm not at all backing away from the content of my rant but I do want to color it further with my appreciation for your work, and indeed for the work of all open source developers.

Sunday, March 27, 2016

Babel 6 - useless by default - a lesson in how NOT to design software.

One of the hardest things about learning modern JavaScript programming is wrapping your head around the build systems - all the non-programming stuff you have to get going to run your code.

And for mortal humans it is *really hard* to grasp what the heck this complex ecosystem of build tools does and how they fit together, how to configure them and how to drive them.  REALLY hard.  Beginner JavaScript programmers who wish to do modern development face a massive learning curve just to get started. If you think it's easy then have climbed the learning curve and done your learning already and forgotten how hard it was.

So the easier the build tools are to install and use, the better.  Ideally, for common use cases, the end user will need to do precisely nothing apart from install the build tool to get basic and even advanced level usage out of it.

And Babel is one of the core parts of that build system.  It compiles ES2015 code to ES5 that can be run on any browser.

Out of the box, Babel doesn't do anything.  Literally useless by default.  Want to do something?  You MUST configure it.  And of course that means you have to start learning how to drive and configure Babel.

The first step in learning a new system is the hardest and most confusing and most time consuming.  To configure one tiny thing a vast array of questions come up.  Am I really meant to do this?  Should I be changing this setting?  Why do I need to do this? What does it do?  Am I breaking something?  Are there more things to configure? Am I working with the latest information or has the system changed since the documentation I am reading?  Why have I found three sets of conflicting instructions to do this configuration? And the biggest question of all - why do the instructions on this web page not match what I see on my screen? And then of course, "I've made the changes as instructed, why doesn't it work, what's wrong?". All these questions come from a hazy fog of ignorance of what the software is, how it holds together, what it's purpose is and why it works the way it does. You groan inwardly and sigh - fuck, how deep is this "simple" rabbit hole going to be? EVERYONE goes through this phase of learning a new technology.

If a build tool requires the user to make even one single configuration setting then they have imposed a huge learning cost on that user.  Possibly many hours of time and possibly (even probably) failure in trying to reach their goal.  For many users the cognitive load will be too high.  And the user may not even succeed in doing configuration that the developers consider to be basic and trivial.

Conversely, if a build tool requires a user to configure *absolutely nothing*, then they have saved the end user hours and driven them to a "pit of success".

Too many JavaScript build tools think that developers care about the build tool.  They think that developers want to understand the build tools, and want to learn and configure and program those build tools.  I'm not here to program build tools.  I am here to program application code.  I want my JavaScript build tools to anticipate likely use cases, come pre-configured to do as much as possible out of the box.

Experienced Babel 6 users will dismiss my assertion that configuration is hard. "It's easy!" they'll say.  You change one file: .babelrc, npm install your presets, install your plugins and modify your update your webpack config and you're good to go!  It's 60 seconds work so you are speaking garbage. "

Experienced developers forget how incredibly hard and time consuming and confusing it is for unexperienced users to do those 60 seconds worth of tasks.

It should only be necessary to configure JavaScript build tools for optimisation of final production code.  Forcing users to configure everything up front is premature optimization, wastes users valuable time, imposes a cognitive load on the user and makes the entire JavaScript development process massively more complex and hard and for some users trying to get started, will kill their enthusiasm and will kill the entire process for them

So when Babel 6 decided that it would do nothing out of the box, it did the opposite of conventional wisdom in software usability, which is to include sane defaults that anticipate the most common use cases and provide them, ideally with zero requirement for setup and configuration.

Babel should come pre configured with the kitchen sink of JavaScript development - async await, decorators etc etc.  They should throw everything in there that a developer might want to use.  The expert use case for Babel is to strip it down to the minimum.  It should not be the basic use case to build it up to usable. I shouldn't need to even think about how to configure Babel until I'm so far into my development process that I have already scaled the other learning curves that were essential such as learning ES2015 and browser programming.

Babel wants to exist, be seen and heard and talked about.  But in fact it is plumbing that you should really never have to give a thought to unless you're walking a very unusual road.  Babel's demands for you to configure it is like your taps in the kitchen needing you to get under the house with the wrench and hook up the hot water yourself, install a hot water tank, install solar panels and set the temperature in order to use it.  Not stuff you should need to do.  Babel should generally be neither seen or heard.  The Internet should not be plastered with blog posts instructing you on how to configure Babel, some right, some wrong, some out of date, some conflicting.  The developers should have configured it once, properly, so you don't need to think about it.

And finally, the cost to the Babel project itself is support issues and questions and problems from people who haven't managed to get things to configure, or didn't even know they were meant to configure - only that something isn't working.  The Babel project is shooting itself in the foot and making work for itself. The Babel developers should always be focused on how to reduce and remove the need for configuration, to find effective ways to preconfigure, and to find ways to allow people to use Babel with ever less knowledge that it even exists.

OK I'm headed back to see how to configure Babel to use async and await.  I really wish it was configured out of the box. What a waste of time.

P.S. and by the way I do know about Babel presets. That's too much configuration too.  The right amount of configuration is none.

Saturday, March 5, 2016

Get ready for our first civil war against robots - here's what it will look like.

Clearly we are already in a world in which robots are an integral part of war.  Nations use robots to fight against each other and against terrorists.

So far, however, we have not had a civil war against our own robots - against the robots who serve us. But that civil war against our servant robots is coming.  And sooner rather than later.

The first civil war against our own robots will be the battle against driverless trucks, which are, of course, robots.

In France, taxi drivers protested against uber.  It got violent.  The taxi drivers face losing their income to this disruptive force.

But the French taxis drivers protest has three constraints that prevent it turning into an all out war:


  • The first constraint is that it's not easy to identify an Uber car - they look like any other car, so it's hard to target them.  
  • The second constraint is that even if Uber cars could be easily identified, there's a natural reluctance to direct violence at them because Uber drivers are people and there are significant consequences for directing violence at another person.
  • The third constraint is that whilst there are alot of taxi drivers, there's not a huge number of them.  Wikipedia says that in the United States in 2012 there were 233,900 taxi drivers.


The war against robot trucks will have no such constraints.


  • Driverless trucks are big and hard to hide, and they have no driver, which makes them easy to spot and thus easy targets. They are unprotected.
  • There are no people in driverless trucks, so if done carefully, they can be attacked with minimal risk of hurting humans. The consequences of violence against robots are not as harsh as the consequences of violence against humans (yet).
  • According to the American Trucking Association there are over 3 million truck drivers in the U.S.A.  That's alot of potential "combatants" against the robots.

Driverless trucks will mean that alot of people lose everything, and when people have nothing to lose they become more willing to respond in an extreme manner.

There will be a war against driverless trucks.  It's gonna be a big one.  It will certainly be explosive and it's coming to the streets near you.






Wednesday, February 3, 2016

A full stack developer is only half as focused as a half stack developer

Stop obsessing about employing full stack developers.

JavaScript front end development is more than enough for one person to specialise in.

It is to your advantage to employ people who want to focus only on the front end.

I am seeing employers who insist on people being full stack and as a result miss out on getting great developers who are focused entirely on the web browser front end.


Friday, December 11, 2015

Atlassian's success reminds what a crappy place Australia is for tech business.

Right now Australia is brimming with excitement at the IPO of Atlassian - Australia's greatest software company success.

Success has many fathers and no doubt the government will want somehow to be one of Atlassian's dads.


Whilst Australia should be immensely proud and admiring of Atlassian's achievements, we should in fact hang our heads in shame.


Australia is a crappy country for technology business.

Successive Liberal governments have been at best ignorant of technology and at worst openly hostile towards it.  The Howard's government's Senator Richardson had the reputation for being a luddite whose primary interest during the birth of the world wide web was to protect the interests of established media.

The Howard Government invested nothing of any significance in Australia's technology future.


Australia had a brief foray into being a world leader in technology when Kevin Rudd announced the National Broadband Network which would roll fibre optic cable to the vast majority of Australian homes.  Steve Wozniak liked it so much that it was reported that he was applying for citizenship on the strength of it.


Labor soon lost government to the Liberals led by Tony Abbott who ripped the NBN plan to shreds and with current Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull instead gave us a half assed patchwork excuse for a broadband network, cobbled together from whatever bits of cable TV coax and telephone copper network were already lying around. 

In an age where the state of the art broadband to the home in the U.S.A. is 10 gigabits, Australia is currently building (it claims) a National Broadband Network at great expense that promises a blistering 12 to 100 megabits per second at the top end. And there's no sign of the NBN in most parts of Australia anyway because it's clear the government was really only keeping the project alive under duress.

The Abbott Government was deeply ignorant of technology.  Tony Abbott smirking his catchphrase "I'm no Bill Gates, but..." whenever any question of technology came up. No doubt about that.


Speaking of our fibre-to-the-home smashing current Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull, he has just released the latest government innovation initiative and of course it doesn't do what is needed to genuinely foster innovation.  Instead, the government remains focused on giving money to risk averse venture capitalists and pointless incubators that are little more than desks and chairs. 


In 2015 innovation is as likely to come from one, two or three people sitting in the lounge room coding away.  This latest innovation strategy does nothing to support the thousands of programmers who just need some help getting the bills paid whilst they sit in the lounge room and code for 18 months to get that first version up and running.  

Instead it's the time honored formula of driving people to spend their time not coding, but writing business plans for the government funded venture capitalists to reject until the business is successful anyway (sorry "has traction").

I don't know alot about Atlassian but it looks to me like they did it with no help from the Australian Government nor from the venture capitalists who purport to support innovative businesses but really are focused on getting their next fund cashed up by the government. Atlassian's enormous success serves to illustrate that Australia has come up with only one Atlassian-sized success story. 


That's what we have to be ashamed of - we have created only one Atlassian.  Where are the rest?


Australia is a country so hostile to technology and so poorly supported by Government and bumbling venture capitalists that I can recommend strongly that if you are a young entrepreneur and have the means to leave, then do so as fast as you can.  


Get out of Australia and get to Silicon Valley.  Atlassian is an outlier - the exception.  Don't take Atlassian as a sign that you can do it from Sydney or Melbourne - you're not Steve Jobs, you're not Mark Zuckerberg and you're probably not the next Atlassian.


You'll have a much better chance if you get out to where things really happen. Atlassian has succeeded despite being an Australian company, not because it is an Australian company. 


Being an Australian business confers no particular advantage in the tech world. Get thee to Silicon Valley young person.


andrew.stuart@supercoders.com.au

Wednesday, September 2, 2015

What "I don't have time" really means.

When someone explains why they didn't do something, one of the most common reasons is "I don't have time."

And it's a good reason.  Everyone understands.  Everyone is busy.  No-one has time.

Didn't get that work done?  Didn't have time.

Can't manage to see friends?  No time.

Never manage to see the grandkids? So hard to find the time.

Can't get to the gym?  No time for that either.


No one holds you to account when the reason is "I don't have time."  YOU don't hold you to account when you say to yourself "Why aren't I doing that important thing? Well I don't have time of course." Everyone understands.


But the truth is that "I don't have time." is just an EXCUSE.  It's a get-out-of-jail-free card. It's a socially acceptable way of concealing the less palatable truth of why something didn't happen.


When someone says "It's hard to find the time to do that", what they are REALLY saying is "That's not high enough priority to me.  Everything else in my life is a higher priority."


So next time you hear someone say "I don't have time", convert those words to "All the other things in my life are higher priority than that activity and that's why I didn't do it.".


There's the truth - everyone has time, it's just a question of whether they are willing to make it a high enough priority to actually do.


And next time you find yourself saying "I just don't have time for that.", trying saying instead "Everything else is a higher priority, sorry.".  Even if you only say it to yourself you'll get closer to the truth about why you do and don't do things.




Wednesday, August 5, 2015

What language has decorators, generators, comprehensions, modules, but isn't Python?

Question: What language has decorators, generators, comprehensions, modules, but isn't Python?

Answer: JavaScript of course! Specifically - the latest version of JavaScript - ECMAScript2015.


I've listened to a number of Python folks speaking recently and one of their most common refrains is "I hate JavaScript".  Python folks tend to be happy avoiding the browser end of development. And until recently, I was with them. I found JavaScript to be inconsistent, confusing, underpowered and frustrating.


But the latest version of JavaScript - ECMAScript2015 - is a game changer.  If you're a Python programmer you'll find that JavaScript and Python are starting to have alot more in common.


I've been programming recently with React.js in ECMAScript2015 and instead of burning in the ninth level of JavaScript hell, I've found that it's consistent, powerful and makes sense.  Sure there's a few concepts that are new but there's also a sense that JavaScript is becoming more Python-like.  In some ways it feels a bit like programming in Python.  I recommend it.


And yes you CAN use it today - it works in all modern browsers because things have changed - these days, ECMAScript2015 is transpiled/compiled into JavaScript, so no more fidgety worries about which browser supports what - write it, compile it, run it.


If you can live with all those damn annoying and pointless brackets, and a good IDE like PyCharm or Visual Studio will go a long way to sorting that out.


If you're adventurous enough to go further, this might help you get started: